Notes to the consolidated financial statements continued
3. Significant accounting policies continued
(i) Financial assets
A financial asset is assessed at each reporting date to determine whether there is any objective evidence that it is impaired. A financial asset is considered
to be impaired if objective evidence indicates that one or more events have had a negative effect on the estimated future cash flows of that asset that
can be estimated reliably.
Evidence of impairment may include indications that the debtors or a group of debtors are experiencing significant financial difficulty, default or
delinquency in interest or principal payments, the probability that they will enter bankruptcy or other financial reorganisation, and where observable
data indicate that there is a measurable decrease in the estimated future cash flows, such as changes in arrears or economic conditions that correlate
An impairment loss in respect of a financial asset measured at amortised cost is calculated as the difference between its carrying amount, and the
present value of the estimated future cash flows discounted at the original effective interest rate. An impairment loss in respect of an available-for-sale
financial asset is calculated by reference to its current fair value.
Individually significant financial assets are tested for impairment on an individual basis. The remaining financial assets are assessed collectively in groups
that share similar credit risk characteristics.
All impairment losses are recognised in profit or loss. Any cumulative loss in respect of an available-for-sale financial asset recognised previously in other
comprehensive income and presented in the fair value reserve in equity is transferred to profit or loss.
An impairment loss is reversed if the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognised. For financial
assets measured at amortised cost and available-for-sale financial assets that are debt securities, the reversal is recognised in profit or loss. For available-
for-sale financial assets that are equity securities, the reversal is recognised in other comprehensive income.
(ii) Non-financial assets
The carrying amounts of HEINEKEN's non-financial assets, other than inventories (refer accounting policy (h) and deferred tax assets (refer accounting
policy (s)), are reviewed at each reporting date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists then the asset's
recoverable amount is estimated. For goodwill and intangible assets that are not yet available for use. the recoverable amount is estimated each year
at the same time.
The recoverable amount of an asset or CGU is the higher of an asset's fair value less costs to sell and value in use. In assessing value in use. the estimated
future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money
and the risks specific to the asset or CGU.
For the purpose of impairment testing, assets that cannot be tested individually are grouped together into the smallest group of assets that generates
cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows of other assets or groups of assets (the 'CGU').
For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill acquired in a business combination, is allocated to each of the acquirer's CGUs, or groups of CGUs, that
is expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination. Each unit or group of units to which the goodwill is allocated represents the lowest level
within the entity at which the goodwill is monitored for internal management purposes. Goodwill is monitored on regional, sub regional or country level
depending on the characteristics of the acquisition, the synergies to be achieved and the level of integration.
Heineken N.V. Annual Report 2012